These powerful and magical organisms have an ancient history of traditional use going back thousands of years, yet are largely unknown in today’s Western society. We are most familiar with those tasty button portobellos, oyster, shiitake - the edible mushrooms we eat as foods and which provide us with a dense nutritional profile. Edible mushrooms are great sources of fiber and protein (containing all 9 essential amino acids) as well as many important nutrients including B vitamins, copper, potassium, magnesium, zinc, selenium and glutathione, and vitamin D. Some of these edible mushrooms have also been discovered as having medicinal value due to the presence of biologically active compounds that are capable of influencing our physiological processes. These are considered medicinal mushrooms and they act as functional foods meaning they provide us with health benefits above and beyond the provision of essential nutrients. Consumed as a regular dietary supplement, these mushrooms have a high potential for improving health by increasing resilience, delaying the aging process, protecting against chronic disease, and supporting the structure and function of the body.